Wednesday, March 9, 2011
Alejandro (fd. Birger), numera Oscar blir snart 3 veckor. Han har inga problem att hålla huvudet rakt (och högt). Hans Buddaringar finns överallt numera!
Han tycker om schysta färger som t.ex. orange.
Det finns dock flera som tycker om samma färg - bl.a. Oscar och Nanna!
Sunday, March 6, 2011
|WWII Ghetto area in gray colour - burnt down|
|Prior WWII - area of Umschlagsplats as Military Secret|
|Just after WW II area of Umschlagsplatz. Rests of the ghetto wall are seen at Stawki str.|
|The same area in Warsaw 2010. Area of Umschlagsplatz is outlined|
Man kan numera färdas bakåt i tiden med historiska bilder i Google Earth - Aerial comparison.
Jag tittade på Warszawa, min hemstad och rös när jag såg hur den har förändrats med tiden.
The top picture shows Warszawa year 1945. That means after Warszawa uprising that began on 1 August 1944. It is easy to discern grey areas on the picture there they are almost no buildings. The grey area is more or les the area of former Jewish ghetto.
1. Umschlagplatz - reloading point. During the Grossaktion Warsaw, beginning on July 22, 1942, Jews were deported in crowded freight cars to Treblinka. On some days as many as 7,000 Jews were deported.
The Umschlagplatz was created by fencing off a western part of the Warszawa Gdańska (Danziger Banhof) freight train station that was adjacent to the ghetto. The area was first surrounded by a wooden fence, was later replaced by a wall. Railway buildings and installations on the site as well as a former homeless shelter and a hospital were converted to the prisoner selection facility.
2. Trains from Umschlagsplats were heading east through the bridge on Wisla river to Treblinka.
3. Church in Warszawa ghetto.
4. The area there my mothers hous was standing until Luftwaffe bombing in September 1939.
5. The latest location of Janusz Korczak Orphanage in Warszawa. From here entire Orphanage was deported through Umschlagsplatz to Treblinka.
6. Old City in Warszawa.
"Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohnbezirk in Warschau mehr!" wrote gen. Stroop in his documentation.
"The Jewish Quarter of Warsaw is no more!"
265,000 Warsaw Jews were taken to the Treblinka gas chambers, and some sources describe it as the largest killing of any single community in World War II. The deportations ended on September 12, 1943.
Three pictures from the bottom shows a close up of the Umschlagplatz area.
On the bottom picture is a view of the area now. The house in the middle of Umschlagplatz area was a former school building at Stawki 4-6 (for 3 primary schools) and was turned to a Jewish Hospital. The front of the hospital building and the half of the Stawki street surounded by the wall were functioning as "day" Umschlagsplatz. In case there were delays (in German killing logistics)the victims were crowded in the "Umschlagplatz night" until the empty freight trains arrived back from Treblinka. Back yard was a complex of Stawki school/hospital building (Stawki 4-6) and another school building at Stawki 8 where the school year 1939 was supossed to be the first one....
All the school buildings survived WWII.
View of the Umschlagplatz area year 1945. Stawki school/hospital building (Stawki 4-6) on the right and another school building at Stawki 8 where the school year 1939 was supossed to be the first one.... On Stawki street one can see the remnents of the wall surounding the Umschlagplatz. The area with 3 trees was so called selection area (S) and behind the wall, visible on the picture it was the deportation area (D) with numerous railway tracks.
My grandparents Gabriel Rozental and Helena Rozental went here. Janusz Korczak, Stefa Wilczynska and hundreds of children went here. The list of our family that went this way is about 120 persons.
265.000 Warsaw Jews were taken through Umschlagplatz to cattle cars and transported to the Treblinka and murdered in gas chambers.