Friday, November 17, 2017

From the depth of the Earth -The Oneg Shabbat Archives - New exhibition: “What We Could Not Shout Out To The World”

Reports by Oneg Shabbat of number of Jews that were daily sent from the Warsaw Ghetto to the death camp Treblinka. On the first day of the Gross action July 22 (22.7) 6 250 were sent to gas chambers. On the next day 7300 and on July 5h (5.8) 6 623 - among deported to death on that day was Janusz Korczak, teachers and 239 children from the orphanage Dom Sierot.

From the depth of the Earth -The Oneg Shabbat Archives.

I reported here before about the possibility to browse through the artifacts in Oneg Shabbat Archives. The Oneg Shabbat Archives is the most significant collection of sources in the world documenting the Holocaust - sources that were created, gathered, and written by the victims themselves, in real time, at the moment when they were experiencing the horrors. The Archives is comprised of diaries and notes, memoirs, photographs, clandestine newspapers, monographs, letters and more - all of which are of inestimable value in the study of the living conditions, the creativity, the struggle and the murder of Polish Jewry.

The Archive was named by its founder and director Emanuel Ringelbum. Ringelblum historian, teacher, social activist, and visionary gathered together writers, teachers, cultural leaders, scholars and communal workers. They met secretly on Saturday afternoons - hence the name Oneg Shabbat (Sabbath pleasures).

The new exhibition:
What We Could Not Shout Out To The World
opened to the public Thursday at the Polish capital’s Jewish Historical Institute. It tells the story of Jewish life in the Warsaw Ghetto and its destruction by the Nazis.
The more than 35,000 pages were compiled and hidden by historian Emanuel Ringelblum and coworkers, Jews who lived in the ghetto. They include original documents in Polish, German and Yiddish, Nazi proclamations and Jewish appeals, ghetto ration cards, tram tickets, private letters and photographs depicting life in the ghetto. Among the coworkers, providing documents was Janusz Korczak and Mordecai Anielewicz, the leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprise in April 1943.